|The University of Maryland Urban Studies and Planning Program and
the National Center for Smart Growth’s 2014 Brown Bag Webinar Series continues with
Planning the Home Front:
How the Lessons of World War II
Apply to Today
Presentation by Sarah Jo Peterson
Wednesday, April 23
|Preinkert Field House – Conference Room 1112V
University of Maryland College Park
|The American mobilization for World War II is famed for its industrial production; less well known is that it was also one of the greatest urban planning challenges that the United States has ever faced. Although Americans tend to think of World War II as a time of national unity, mobilization had a fractious side. Interest groups competed for federal attention, frequent — sometimes violent — protests interrupted mobilization plans, and seemingly local urban planning controversies could blow up into investigations by the U.S. Senate.
Drawing on her recently released book, Planning the Home Front: Building Bombers and Communities at Willow Run, Sarah Jo Peterson shows how the federal government used a participatory planning approach to mobilize the home front. For the massive Willow Run Bomber Plant, built in a rural area 25 miles west of Detroit, bringing the plant to success required dealing with housing, transportation, and communities for its tens of thousands of workers. It involved Americans from all walks of life: federal officials, industrialists, labor leaders, social activists, small business owners, civic leaders, and—just as significantly—the industrial workers and their families.
The presentation will close by engaging the audience in a discussion about what the lessons of urban planning for World War II mean for today.
SARAH JO PETERSON,has spent over 20 years in urban planning, with experience in government, academia, and the non-profit sector. She received a M.S. in urban and regional planning from the University of Wisconsin—Madison and a Ph.D. in American history from Yale University. She currently resides in Maryland. Planning the Home Front, published by the University of Chicago Press, is a work of independent scholarship.
On Friday, March 21, 2014, the NCSG will host the first Purple Line Corridor Coalition (PLCC) workshop to focus on elements vital to a community’s economic development in the Purple Line corridor, such as preserving affordable housing, supporting small businesses, connecting workers with jobs, and building community through innovative development and design. Featuring a host of informative speakers, case studies from other successful transit investments and engaging breakout-sessions, the workshop will bring together more than 150 regional leaders as they work for successful collaboration along the planned Purple Line Corridor.
Learn more here.
A sidewalk exhibition of ten interactive installations—including a glowing cocoon of recycled plastic bottles and a 45’ long canopy of intricately placed colored strings—will debut May 6, 2013 in Montgomery County’s Long Branch Neighborhood as part of a unique cultural collaboration between community groups and the University of Maryland. The temporary installations, designed and built by University of Maryland art and architecture students, seek to add energy and vitality to the Long Branch Neighborhood and inspire those who live and work in the community. The pieces will be on view at Montgomery County’s Long Branch Library and along Flower Avenue through May 20, 2013.
“Long Branch Blossoms” crafted from zip ties.
The Long Branch public design project is the result of a newly piloted public art/design studio jointly offered by the University of Maryland’s art and architecture programs. Under the guidance of Associate Professor of Architecture Ronit Eisenbach and Professor and Sculptor John Ruppert, 16 students spent the semester designing and building temporary public art/design works inspired by the University’s Public Interest Design Institute spring workshop and the School of Architecture’s Kibel Gallery Spring Series “Agency, Intervention and the Public Realm” curated by Eisenbach.
“This studio brought students from art and design together, exposing each to similar and different ways of approaching, solving, and working through a public art/design problem,” says Ruppert. “The students experienced in a microcosm the reality of doing public work. Their process began with identifying a site and imagining its potential, developing a proposal, moving it through the approval process and then realizing their ideas. They dealt with real-world issues such as insurance, budget and collaboration both with one another and with community partners.”
Students Assemble the Installation, “Passage,” in the Great Space.
“This studio has been a really great opportunity for community engagement,” said Kristen Fox, a Masters candidate in UMD’s architecture program. “Working with such a large, diverse group of people was a challenge, but the tools that we learned in the Public Interest Design workshop taught us to value participation and the process of design as a tool to empower the community. I hope that we can continue to work in Long Branch–I’ve really enjoyed working with the local business owners and civic groups.”
Aside from adding a jolt of whimsy and color to the streetscape, the exhibition is part of a larger effort in partnership with area groups to engage the community as they anticipate growth and change with the addition of Metro’s purple line. As a teaching initiative, the Long Branch installation is a test run for Eisenbach, who was recently awarded an ADVANCE seed grant to explore how temporary art, performance and design can help foster conversation, create connections and see a community through transition. This work also builds on the expertise of Professor Ruppert, whose large-scale outdoor site sculptures were recently featured in Sculpture Magazine. Ruppert is also a recipient of a grant from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation.
“The larger scope of this project is community engagement; to examine how, with different types of art interventions, we can help to stimulate dialogue about the future of a place,” explains Eisenbach.
The Long Branch temporary installations will be officially unveiled during the community’s Super Block Party on Sunday, May 11th from 2-5 PM (rain or shine). The event is free and open to the public. The studio is working in partnership with the Long Branch Business Association, the Montgomery Housing Partnership, the Montgomery County Library system and IMPACT Silver Spring. Their combined effort is part of Long Branch’s business revitalization, affordable housing protection and planning and community building efforts.
The project is also supported by the University of Maryland Architecture Program, Art & Architecture Libraries Endowment, Department of Art, Office of Diversity and Inclusion, and the National Center for Smart Growth Research & Education.